Establishment of the Taiwan Normal School Education Curriculum: An Examination of the Subject of Education Offered by the Normal Department of the National Language School During the Early Japanese Colonial Period (1896-1918)
This study examined the establishment of Taiwan’s normal school education curriculums, which provide instruction on the connotations of education in Taiwan, reflect on concrete and systematic education theories, and are also considered vital for the modernization of Taiwanese ideas about education. This study adopted a historical analysis approach and focused on the period from 1896 to 1918, which marked the establishment of the normal school system in Taiwan. The study analyzed the evolution and content of the educational curriculums in the Taiwan National Language School prior to 1919 through the lens of Japanese-normal- school perspectives imitated from American and German theories about education. This aim of this study was to improve the understanding of these theories’ influence on the Taiwan National Language School. First, the paper explains how Japanese normal education defined education. Subsequently, it examines the development of the education theory in Taiwan, selection of curriculums for use by the normal school, decree associated with and evolution of educational curriculums, and relevant teachers’ backgrounds and the teaching concepts they used. This study tracked the origins of normal education in Taiwan. The study result reveals not only how the content of normal education has evolved over the years but also how teacher education has improved teaching quality. Moreover, the results reveal how the early stages of normal education development laid the foundation for the establishment of modern-day Taiwanese normal education. This study focuses on the early stage of the Japanese colonial period, which marked the establishment of Taiwanese normal education. The promulgation of the Taiwan Educational Decree in 1919 considerably influenced the development of education curriculums in the Taiwan Normal School. In addition, providing an improved understanding of the Taiwanese teacher-education modernization process and of Taiwan’s pedagogical history is an important future research goal.
|關鍵詞||日治時期、師範教育、國語學校、教育科課程、Japanese colonial period、normal education、National Language School、subject of education|