The Subject Experience of Contraception among Adolescents in Eastern Taiwan
Adolescents are at a stage when they are developing intimate relationships. Thus, they are prone to having sex as a result of intimate interaction or peer influence. Accordingly, adopting appropriate contraceptive methods is crucial. This qualitative research aimed at exploring the subjective experience of contraception among adolescents. Using focus groups, the authors conducted qualitative research in a vocational high school and a college in Hualien County, Eastern Taiwan. A total of fifty-nine participants aged 15 to 21 were recruited. Subsequently, data was analyzed by using the framework of focus group analysis. The results revealed that the perspectives of contraception among adolescents involved three themes. First, “having inadequate / incorrect knowledge of contraception,” including four subthemes: “Is the rhythm method safe?,” “Are contraceptive pills harmful?,” “Are condoms effective?,” and “Is in vitro ejaculation feasible?.” Secondly, “inconsistent attitudes toward pregnancy and contraception,” including three subthemes: “the sharing of contraceptive responsibility by both sexes,” “the male demonstrating a sense of responsibility by taking contraceptive measures,” and “contraception is primarily women’s responsibility regardless of whether the male uses a condom or not.” Thirdly, “the impact of sensual pleasure on sex,” including two subthemes: “comfort or discomfort of using condoms” and “sexual urges hindering the consistent use of condoms.” The results of this study provide insights into adolescents’ perspectives on contraception and serve as a reference for school educators and sex education professionals.