A Study on the Relevant Factors and Status of the Dietary Behavior among the Senior Students of Elementary School in Taipei
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlates of demography, body image, and dietary behavior among the the senior students of elementary school in Taipei. The study population consisted of 5th and 6th graders in Taipei that enrolled in 2014. The sample was generated by using stratified cluster random sampling method. The respondents were asked to complete a structured questionnaire. A total number of 1,076 valid questionnaires were collected. The results were as follows: 1. There were 21.8% of the respondents as being overweight and obesity. Especially, with the support of “parents and family members” as the main, which “eat more fruits and vegetables” and “drink less sugary drinks” were often reminded. The average score of the dietary behavior was slightly higher than the median which indicated the dietary behavior was more than moderate. Among all of the subjects, “eating breakfast every day,” “the snack is not for normal meal,” “three meals a day without missing one” were the better performance. On the other hand, “sugary drinks,” “snacking” and “cake, bread, donuts, croissant, etc.” were underperformance which should be improved. 2. The results indicated that girls had better dietary behavior than boys. And the students with higher social economic backgrounds had better dietary behavior than the students with lower social economic backgrounds. The objects performed better with more support from parents and peers on the dietary behaviors. Moreover, the higher satisfaction of body image, and the dietary behavior were better. 3. The result indicated that personal backgrounds and body image can predict the dietary behavior. It explained 7.1% of the total variance. The main predictors were “gender,” “social economic backgrounds,” “peer’s support” and the “body parts satisfaction” of the body image, and the last predictor was the most influential. The results suggested that the female, the one with higher social economic backgrounds and more peers’ support, and the one with higher satisfaction of his/her body parts, and the dietary behavior were better.
|關鍵詞||身體意象、飲食行為、國小高年級學生、body image、dietary behavior、senior students of elementary school|