Effectiveness of a High Myopic Complications Preventive Intervention Program among High Myopic Freshmen in a University of North Taiwan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a high myopic complications preventive intervention program, based on health belief model, among high myopic freshmen. The study employed a true experimental design, based on the health belief model and adult education special elements, at one university in north Taiwan. High myopia subjects (myopic spherical equivalence 6 diopters or more) were identified at routine freshmen physical examination program of 2014 and were allocated randomly as experimental or control group. Subjects in the experimental group were enrolled in the intervention program, while subjects in control group were not. Questionnaires were distributed at three time points, that were September, October and November 2014 respectively, and one-way analysis of covariance (one way-ANCOVA) was conducted for all collected data.
Compared to the control group, high myopic freshmen in the experimental group performed better post-test in “knowledge,” “self-efficacy,” and “preventive health behavior” issues of high myopic complications prevention. While in the post post-test, experimental group performed better only in “self-efficacy” and “self-examination behavior,” which is part of “preventive health behavior” issues. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that high myopic complications preventive intervention program had immediate effective with respect to promote high myopic complications preventive knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive health behavior. Also this program was proved to have prolonged effect in self-efficacy and self-examination behavior.
There are lack of information and instruction course about high myopic complications prevention in our college and community. This program could be adopted by school or local governmental departments for high myopic students or residents, in the purpose of self-management of health and “early diagnosis and early treatment” of high myopic complications.
|關鍵詞||自我效能、高度近視、高度近視併發症防治教育、健康信念模式、self-efficacy、high myopia、high myopic complications preventive program、health belief model|