Liang Qichao’s devotion to Buddhism and how to utilize for education
Liang Qichao has been recognized by world as the core reformist in late Qing Dynasty, education revolutionist, and the author of “The New Citizen Theory(新民說).” AD 1890, after the meeting with Kang You-Wei, opens the world of Buddhism for Mr. Liang, with further studies, and holds a Buddhism forum with Tan Si-Tong, Xia Zeng-You, Song Shu. He travel to Nanjing to attend the “Consciousness Only(唯識派)” Class by Ou Yang Jing Wu. Mr. Liang composed “18 Buddhism Research (佛學研究十八篇)”, benefit the world greatly. His wisdom of Buddhism is known for its clearness and partiality. Liang Qichao lived in a harsh and severe world period, his knowledge, Buddhism studies, political ideas, Implanting on educations and sentiment toward Buddhism, are all complementing to each others. His applications of Buddhism for education have three main points: (1) Promote New Citizen thinking, to raise new citizens is the core of education ;(2) Advocate Buddhism policies, merge the social education with the Buddhism ; (3) Carry the idea of selflessness, as it is the most ideal life style. Essentially, after Mr. Liang mastered the way of Buddhism, combined with modern western culture, he created the foundation for saving and governing the nation. From education to morality, Mr. Liaug studied reaction between Buddhism and society. He sees Buddhism as improvement for thyself and others, and the power to create Utopia. He embodied the style of Buddhism educate people, recreate morality and create new citizenship.
|關鍵詞||梁啟超、佛學、教育觀、新民說、Liang Qichao、Buddhism、Education Idea、New Citizen Theory|