A Study on the Educational Experiences of Chinese Diplomats in Britain Before 1894
The westernization of Chinese education was emerged since late Ch’ing; however the contact with the British education was not made until 1876. The aim of this paper is to inquire the educational experiences of seven Chinese diplomats in Britain before 1894. Their diaries and notebooks were analyzed. The main findings are as follows. Elementary and secondary schools, universities and colleges, naval academy, girl’s school, vocational school and teacher training school were introduced, and most of them were located in England. Only two diplomats knew English, so others needed translators’ help when they made school visit; therefore, different understanding of the same matter happened among them visited schools. Most records were published before 1894, and some were read by successive diplomats. Because the anti-westerners atmosphere was severe, it became difficult to introduce the diplomats’ observation of the British education, not to mention any stimulation of the reform in Ch’ing China. From the viewpoint of educational transfer theory, those experiences can only be understood as the brewing stage of educational borrowing.
|關鍵詞||外交官、英國教育、教育借入、晚清、diplomats、British education、educational borrowing、late Ch’ing|
|T. J. Jones與《1916社會科委員會報告書》對社會科緣起之歷史意義探究|