Reconsidering the Theoretical Model of Bisexual Identity Formation: Cases of Young and Internet Generation
The LGBT movement has opened up a space for people with non-mainstream sexual identities to fight for recognition while also leading to the development of theories of sexual identity formation. Current discussions of non-heterosexual sexual identity have mainly taken same-sex identity as their primary focus, with Cass’ theory particularly being the most frequently cited. Relatively speaking, the formation of bisexual identity has received little attention. To date, only Weinberg et al. and Bradford have offered preliminary theoretical models. These two models have been influenced by Cass’ theory, but at the same time amend Cass by focusing on the social situations of bisexuality.
This article attempts to engage a dialogue between the experiences of identity formation among Taiwan’s bisexuals and existing theories of bisexual identity in the English-speaking world. Areas in which research findings and existing theories accord include, first, that as they adopt an anti-mainstream identity in society, most bisexuals still experience a period of self-doubt in the early stages of their identity; second, community participation indeed plays a significant role in the formation of bisexual identity. However, unlike existing theories, this article shows that establishing a critical identity formation theory that emphasizes how social structure influences individual identity, and that also positively interpret change and diversity of identity, will be of help to bisexuals continuing to explore identities at different stages of life.
|關鍵詞||同性戀認同發展理論、雙性情慾、雙性戀社群、雙性戀認同、homosexual identity formation、bisexuality、bisexual community、bisexual identity|