Modeling Relationships Among Resources Loss, Coping Styles, and Psychological Well- Being of the Middle-Aged and Older People in Taiwan: Comparison of Path Coefficients
The purpose of the research was to investigate the relationships of resources loss, coping styles, and psychological well-being (PWB) among middle-aged and older people in Taiwan. The sample was 642 aged 43-95 years with a mean age 60.34 years from Taiwan. Of them, 350 participants aged less 60 years were middle-aged people, and the other 292 participants aged higher than 60 years were older people. The data were analyzed with structural equation modeling (SEM) and the model-fit results were supported. The results showed that resources loss not only had a direct influence on PWB, but also had indirect effects on PWB through positive and negative coping styles. Positive coping style promoted PWB but negative coping style reduced PWB. It meant that losing more resources led to reduing positive coping style and increasing negative coping style, and then decreased PWB. In constrast of structural coefficients, for direct effects, no significant difference appeared between middle-aged and older people, but their change trends are noteworthy; for indirect effects, the path from resources loss through positive coping style to PWB was significantly higher in the middle-aged than in the older people. The results were reasonably discussed and some suggestions were offered for the future.
|關鍵詞||中年人、心理幸福感、因應型態、老年人、資源流失、older people、psychological well-being (PWB)、coping style、middleaged people、resources loss|