Development and Characteristics of the New Education Movement in the United Kingdom
This study examines the major ideas and practices of the new education movement from the end of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century in the UK. This study uses a microscopically prospective view to investigate the historical evolution of the new education movement. The traditional education system in the UKwas criticized for lacking the capability to solve industrialization and urbanization problems, excessively emphasizing on elite education, and neglecting individual freedom. Education reform thus emerged in the UK. This new education movement was similar to the progressive education movement in the US, sharing an opposition to traditional education and emphasizing the individuality of children. However, the new education movement in the UK and the progressive education movement in the US achieved different results because the national conditions and social culture varied between the two countries. Unlike the US, the UK had no systemic philosophy of education for this new education movement. However, the assembly of the New Education Fellowship showed that the new education in the UK was free and multi cultural. The journal Education for the New Era, which was published by the New Education Fellowship, recorded all the ideas and practices of new education during that period in the UK. The new schools founded during the new education movement not only encouraged the establishment of other new schools in Europe but were also effective for primary education in the UK. The new education movement thus played a vital role in the education reform in the UK.
|關鍵詞||兒童中心教育、新教育運動、新教育聯盟、新學校、child-centered education、New Education Fellowship、new education movement、new school|