The Effects of the Success and Failure Contingencies of Self-Worth on College Students’ Depression Tendencies
People differ in the contingencies of self-worth (CSW) which determined how much their views of self-worth would fluctuate in response to positive and negative events. Previous studies demonstrated that those with higher levels of CSW show more depressive symptoms. However, after dividing people’s CSW in achievement domain into two dimensions of success and failure CSW, the current study proposed that only those with higher levels of failure CSW would show more depressive symptoms, and those with higher levels of success CSW would show less depressive symptoms. The data of 436 undergraduates showed that after taking into account both the success and the failure CSW as predictors, two-dimensional CSW predictors had better predictive value for depression tendencies than one-dimensional CSW predictor.
|關鍵詞||失敗自我價值後效、自我價值後效、成功自我價值後效、憂鬱傾向、failure contingencies of self-worth、contingencies of self-worth、success contingencies of self-worth、depression tendencies|