A Study of Alleviating Adolescents’ Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms after a Hurricane Disaster by Utilizing School-Based Counseling Model
This study explored the effect of relocated aboriginal adolescents’ anxiety and traumatic stress disorder symptoms after the Hurricane Morakot in 2009 by offering a school-based counseling model. The research included five professors with counseling license, two professors specializing in testing, and nine graduate students from a counseling department. The model included class guidance, group counseling, supportive group, group activities, individual counseling, staff and parent consulting, and staff and parent psycho-educational speech to help the relocated junior high school students. At the beginning and the end of the intervention, the relocated school aboriginal students (experiment group) and non-relocated school students (control group), took State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Traumatic Stress Symptom Scale for pretest and posttest. The results indicated that the score of the State Anxiety sub-Inventory in experiment group from pretest and posttest was from 46.03 to 39.40 and obtained significantly lower scale scores ( p ＜.05); and the State Anxiety sub-Inventory score from pretest and posttest of control group was from 41.03 to 41.53. The Trait Anxiety subinventory score of experiment group was from 48.15 to 42.89 and obtained significantly lower scale scores ( p ＜.05). The score of control group in State Anxiety sub-score was from 46.09 to 46.32. The score of Traumatic Stress Symptom Scale in pretest and posttest of experiment group was from 42.86 to 33.29 and obtained significantly lower scale scores ( p ＜.05). On the other hand, the score of control group in pretest and posttest was almost the same.
|關鍵詞||以學校為基礎的諮商輔導模式、莫拉克颱風、創傷壓力徵狀、焦慮、學校諮商、school-based counseling model、hurricane morakot、traumatic stress disorder symptom、anxiety、school counseling|