Flipping the Teaching
翻轉教室或翻轉教學係目前最受關注之教學策略議題之一。本文首先介紹其來源，接著闡述其意涵及實施方式， 文中也扼要引述EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative 於2012 年提出你需要知道的翻轉教室七個問題及《e 學校新聞》提供的幫助教師翻轉教室，一翻就上手的四個原則。筆者等也同時試提「教學五角模式 (Pentagon model) 」 供讀者參考。翻轉教學目前會如此受人注目與採行，事實上剛好搭上了線上e 化教學的盛行，特別是大規模網路開放課程(Massive Open Online Courses，MOOCs) 的推波助瀾，已蔚然發展成數位學習的新趨勢。翻轉教學雖然很受重視，各級學校教師也逐漸在試行，然而相關研究指出，目前仍鮮少以嚴謹的研究方法報導透過翻轉教學的學習成果。雖然如此，此種創意的教學方法自有其價值，不可忽視。筆者等建議教育當局應重視翻轉教學在各級學校的實施與發展，也呼籲學校老師及學者專家密切合作，以嚴謹的方法評估翻轉教學的實施成效。
Flipped classroom or flipped teaching has become a popular current issue in teaching strategy. This paper provides a quick introduction to the history, value and its implementation, brief introduction of the seven (things) points one should know about flipped classroom by EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative in 2012, as well as four guiding principles to flipped teaching by eSchoolNews. Pentagon model is also proposed in this paper for readers’ reference. The reason the flipped teaching is rapidly becoming popular and being practiced is that population of digital teaching, especially the emergence of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), has increased as a powerful and huge influence on education and digital learning. More and more schoolteachers are interested in implementing a flipped classroom. Results of the survey of prior and ongoing research of the flipped classroom show that very little study investigating student learning outcomes though there are positive teaching effects. The conclusion offers suggestions for the government in charge of educational affairs to pay attention to the implementation and development of flipped teaching for education in all levels. Suggestions are also presented for schoolteachers to cooperate with professionals to explore the best ways of using flipped teaching, and evaluate its implementation effect seriously.
|關鍵詞||數位學習、翻轉教學、翻轉教室、翻轉課堂、混成教學模式、e-learning、flipped teaching、flipped classroom、blended teaching model|