Brief History and Development of MOOCs
本文首先扼要說明大規模網路開放課程的崛起， 並介紹幾個知名之MOOCs 教學平台。值此MOOCs 的發展方興未艾之際，樂見教育部也於此時宣布推動為期四年之全面性數位學習推動計畫，其中「推動磨課師(MOOCs)」子計畫係五項計畫之一。以台灣之教育及IT 水準，發展MOOCs 應無問題，但受限於語文( 中文) 與使用者市場，要推廣到全球會受到較多的限制。因此，在推動之際宜審慎規劃，也期盼各界積極參與並給予支持!
Approaches to developing e-learning and its implementation strategies are diverse and complex that have certain effects on teachers’ knowledge and practice. With so many IT devices such as eBook, eBag, cloud service in education attracting a great deal of attention but continuing to be adopted in its various forms, schoolteachers tend to get confused. This continuing expansion of Internet technologies, multiple interactions within the internet community, use of the Internet as a knowledge sharing tool, and popularity of creative commons are pushing for a change in the traditional information education. OpenCourseWare (OCW) therefore is available to promote shared knowledge. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) offer automated assessment tools and some form of interaction with course staff have gained increasing popularity and become one of the very recent trends in e-learning.
This paper introduces a short history of MOOCs and some well-known platforms. As MOOCs grow in popularity, Taiwan’s Ministry of Education has initiated a four-year comprehensive improvement overall project for e-learning, and one of the five sub-projects is “Improvement Plan for MOOCs”. Taiwan has potential to develop MOOCs because of its educational and information technology standards; and yet it has a practical limit of market size and promotion of Chinese-language MOOCs to the world. Careful consideration should be given to implementation decisions being taken at this program and we hope to see more active participation and support.
|關鍵詞||數位學習、開放式課程(OCW)、大規模網路開放課程(MOOC)、e-learning、OpenCourseWare(OCW)、Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs)|