The Emergence of Resentment and the Educational Approach to Its Elimination
Resentment is a kind of psychological modality. The situations in which resentment could be born are diverse but share some basic elements. Firstly, resentment starts from being hurt. In other word, it couldn't be born without the experience of being hurt. Secondly, the external attribution, which means always seeking the root of being hurt from the outside world rather than from the internal world, is the mediating factor for resentment's formation. Thirdly, the enduring psychological emotion caused by the feeling of being incapable is the motivating factor for resentment's formation. And finally, with the gathering and extending of hostility, the resentment is born. The reasons for the formation of resentment, no matter individual resentment or social resentment, lie in the personal characteristic of philistine on the one hand, and the unbalanced social structure on the other hand. The typical expressive forms of resentment are violence and imaginative violence. Resentment is not only the personal self-poisoning, but also the root of mass disturbance and social instability in the current society. Fostering the rational spirit, tolerant spirit, healthy personality and sympathy through education is the basic approach to personal psychological well-being and social harmony.
|關鍵詞||怨恨、无能感、隐忍、价值比较、宽容、同情心、resentment、feeling of being incapable、endure、value comparison、tolerant、sympathy|