Healing Cutie Pets, the Sweetest Burden? The Study on Leisure Healing to Explore the Happiness of the Owner
「療癒」是一種內在心性的轉化以及療癒是將個體內在達到和諧、統合的狀態。人們透過休閒使自我身心壓力獲得紓解，讓情緒達到正能量。新聞報導時常提及，現代人面臨繁雜的工作量及緊迫的生活步調，鮮少出外踏青，加上大多抱持不婚主義，卻渴望尋求陪伴與慰藉，而飼養寵物。大部分飼主都會和寵物進行休閒活動，飼主對寵物就會產生依附情感，藉由文獻了解飼主對寵物的涉入和依附程度來探討飼主是否得到休閒療癒和幸福感，最後建立了四個變數間的相互影響關係。本研究以寵物飼主為研究對象，以南部寵物公園為抽樣地點採立意抽樣法進行問卷調查，對前來公園遛狗的飼主進行施測。本研究實際發放550份問卷，回收有效問卷505份，有效回收率91.8%。結果顯示，休閒涉入對依附關係有顯著正向影響，對休閒療癒沒有顯著影響，更對幸福感有顯著負向影響；依附關係對休閒療癒有顯著正向影響，並對幸福感亦有顯著正向影響；休閒療癒對幸福感有顯著正向影響。由結果可知休閒涉入愈高，幸福感愈低，本研究推論是因飼主如果一直對寵物沒有情感上的付出或責任，會感覺越來越厭倦疲乏，如果沒有感情在寵物身上做這些事不會感覺快樂，故飼養寵物必須透過與其互動，產生依附關係，進而達到休閒療癒及幸福感的效果。 The word ?healing? has been widely discussed in recent years. Through leisure activities, people have been relieved of their physical and mental pressures, making emotions reach positive energy. News reports often mention that modern people are faced with complicated workloads and pressing life-steps. They rarely go out for a walk. Most of them are unmarried, but they are eager to seek companionship and comfort while keeping pets. Most owners will engage in leisure activities with pets. The owner will have dependency emotions to the pets. Through the past literature, the owner's involvement in and dependence on pets, as well as leisure healing and well-being. Finally, the interaction between the four variables was established. In this study, pet owners were taken as the research object, the southern pet park was taken as the space, and the questionnaire survey method was used as the main sampling method to investigate the owner of the dog who came to the park. In this study, 550 questionnaires were actually issued, 505 valid questionnaires were recovered, and the effective recovery rate was 91.8%. The results show that leisure involvement has a significant positive impact on dependency, has no significant impact on leisure healing, and has a significant negative impact on a sense of happiness; dependency has a significant positive impact on leisure healing, and also a sense of happiness; leisure healing has a significant positive effect on happiness. The results show that the higher the leisure involvement, the lower the sense of happiness. The reasoning of this study is that if the owner has always had no emotional pay or responsibility for the pet, he will feel increasingly tired. If there is no emotion in the pet, owners will not feel happy, so keeping pets must interact with them to create dependency, and thus achieve healing and happiness.
|關鍵詞||毛小孩、休閒涉入、休閒療癒、依附關係、幸福感、attachment、happiness、leisure healing、leisure involvement、pet|