A Study Investigating and Analyzing the Poetic Structures and Artistic Techniques in Lai Bia's Four Poems of “Lotus Sword”
「蓮花」是祥瑞、至誠至善、高潔品格的象徵。李白好劍術，詩歌中「劍」字出現約占詩歌總數的十分之一，甚至在詩歌中直接出現將神佛氣質的「蓮花」與陽剛冰冷的「劍」相綰合成劍名，如「蓮花劍」，可見當時以蓮花形象飾寶劍外，更可知蓮花意象在李白筆下由原來柔美質性走向陽剛之氣。本文考察李白運用「蓮花劍」此意象的詞彙，發覺有著共同象徵意義，擬從〈胡無人〉、〈贈宣城宇文太守兼呈崔侍御〉、〈送梁公昌從信安王北征〉、〈感遇二首其一〉四詩探析其篇章結構及藝術手法，見其運用蓮花劍意象表達君臣遇合的企盼、建功立業的雄心壯志與豪邁的濟世之情，在冰冷劍氣中鎔鑄著鐵漢柔情之美。 “Lotus” is the symbol of auspiciousness, sincerity and good will, and character of integrity. Li Bai loved swordsmanship, and presence of the word “sword” in his poetry accounts for approximately one tenth of the total number of poems. In his poetry, he even directly combined “Lotus” of Buddha's temperament with the masculine Sword” to create a sword name, such as “Lotus Sword.” Therefore, the lotus image was not merely used to decorate precious swords. The original softness and beauty of the lotus image were also converted into the masculine spirit under the pen of Li Bai. This study investigated Li Bai's use of terms of “Lotus Sword” image, and discovered that there was a common symbolic meaning. This study intended to investigate and analyze the poetic structures and artistic techniques in four poems “Hu is Emptied,” “A Poem for Xuancheng Yuwen Taishou and Cui Shiyu,” “Seeing Off Liang Chang to North Expedition under Prince Xin'an,” and one of the two poems of “gratitude for good treatment” to understand his intention to use the lotus sword image to express the good encounter and tacit understanding between emperor and minister, his strong ambition to contribute to his country and saving the world, and the softness and beauty hidden in the masculine and cold sword.
|關鍵詞||蓮花、章法結構、李白、Lotus、Sword、Poetic Structures、Li Bai|