基于STEM跨学科视域的科学教材分析 ——以加拿大英属哥伦比亚省科学教材BC Science为例
Analysis of Science Textbooks from STEM Interdisciplinary View —Taking Canadian British Columbia Science Textbooks BC Science as an Example
STEM has become an important trend in domestic and overseas curriculum reform of basic education. In order to explore how to integrate STEM into science textbooks， this research analyzes British Columbia science textbooks (BC Science) quantitatively and qualitatively from four dimension: disciplinary concepts， interdisciplinary concepts， scientific and engineering practices， interdisciplinary integration and situation settings. By analyzing and summarizing the characteristics of STEM integration and engineering in BC science textbooks， this research provides four enlightenments for STEM integration during the compilation of science textbooks in China: paying attention to the integration of interdisciplinary concepts and focusing on the delivery of NOS， attaching importance to engineering in basic education and integrating STEM around engineering， creating real-life problem-solving situation locally to develop students’ social responsibility， arranging practices based on modeling， reasoning， argumentation and other rational thinking to provide chances for the development of students’ abilities of scientific inquiry， innovation， practice and problem solving.
|關鍵詞||STEM教育、科学教材、教材分析、科学教育、STEM Education、Science Textbook、Textbook Analysis、Science Education、CSSCI|