The Impact of Information Technology on Students' Literacy: A Perspective on Education lnformatization
With the rapid development of educational iriformatization， the latest research in educational informatization has been focused on whether information technology resources and its application in education had significant impact on students ' performance. Using the Programme for International Student Assessment ( PISA) data gathered from the test conducted in Beijing ， Shanghai， Guangdong and ]iangsu in 2015， this paper aims to explore the impact of information technology on students ' science ， reading， and mathematical literacy from the perspective of educational informatization. The study found that ， taking the socio-economic status of students and schools into consideration ， computers per student had a weak and positive iffect on rural students' science ， reading， and mathematical literacy， while had a negative impact on the urban students ' literacy. During weekdays ， whether in or outside of school ， the longer students spent on the Internet ， the lower the scores of students' literacy is ， especially for students who spend more than four hours. Results showed that the increasing gap of student performance mainly comes from the socio-economic status of students and schools as well as the unbalanced development between urban and rural areas. In this sense ， education informatization should be used as a strategic priority to promote education equality， innovation， and improve the quality of education. Policy makers should accelerate the construction of urban and rural ICT infrastructure and increase the information technology resources to benefit the rural disadvantaged students. Relying on information technology to integrate all kinds of resources， government should comprehensively provide high quality education for students ， and make information technology more accessible so that it could play a key role in narrowing the digital divide between urban and rural China.
|關鍵詞||教育信息化、信息技术、学生素养、PISA、夏普里值分解、education informatization、information technology、students ' literacy、PISA、Shapley value decomposition .|