Lao Tzu's Yi View and its Educational Values
There were fewer researches about Lao Tzu’s Yi theory than his Ren or Li theory， which reflects the universality of people’s viewpoint. Lao Tzu discussed Yi in the theory system of Tao， De， Ren， Yi， Li， Zhi and Xin. Yi was dominant in the second phase of decomposed De， so it had ontological characteristics. The personality and temperament character of Yi was to obey Tao and to have the courage to take on. Lao Tzu also stressed that the soft can be the mother of the strong， loving can bring courage. Lao Tzu stressed that ＂respect for Tao and De＂ as the premise of justice conditions. For the interests choice， Lao Tzu revealed the need of considering the principle of ＂nature＂ as well as the personal endurance. The redistribution of interests also needed to follow the principle of Tao. Lao Tzu’s Yi theory revealed that the narrow morality and the Yi spirit shrinking were the important reasons of society morality deficiency.