Maternal and paternal emotion-related socialization behaviors : Linkages to young children's emotion regulation and peer interactions
The study was aimed to examine the relationship between parental socialization behaviors of emotion and young children's emotion regulation and peer interactions. Differences of maternal and paternal behavior in the associations with children's outcomes were also investigated. Fifty-seven preschoolers (mean age=59.4 months) and both of their parents participated in the study. Parents reported their expressiveness in the family and the reactions to children's negative emotions, and were observed during the parent-child emotion discussion task. Teachers and mothers rated children's emotion regulation. Teachers also reported children's social interaction behavior in peers. The results showed that more positive expressiveness and supportive responses to children's negative emotions were associated with better emotion regulation. The More negative expressiveness and non-supportive responses were associated with lower regulation ability. Moreover, supporting the differential model, maternal emotion-centered responses and paternal minimization of children's negative emotions together predicted children's emotion regulation. Further, mediation effect was found, in which maternal minimization response first decreased children's emotion regulation ability, which in turn lowered children's competence to act prosocially to their peers. The implications of the findings in parent education were discussed.
|關鍵詞||母親與父親、社會化、情緒調節、同儕互動、Emotion regulation、Emotion socialization、Fathers and mothers、Peer interactions|