The Origin, Progress, and Trend of Teachers' and Students' Conceptions and Perceptions of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education in the West
高校师生教学信念包括大学教师和学生的教学观、教学方式以及对教学环境各因素的认识和看法。师生教学信念是个体先前经验与教学情境相互作用的结果, 具有多样性。师生各种教学信念之间存在着相关关系, 直接或间接影响到教育教学质量。师生教学信念的转变具有滞后性和复杂性的特点, 未来研究应该努力探讨改变师生教学信念的有效途径, 并进行高校师生教学信念的跨文化和国际比较研究。
Teachers' and students' conceptions and perceptions of teaching and learning include their conceptions of teaching and learning, approaches to teaching and learning, and perceptions of teaching and learning environment; they are diverse and affected by individual experience and teaching situation. Different conceptions and perceptions are correlated to each other, directly or indirectly influencing educational quality. Changes in conceptions and perceptions of teaching and learning tend to be lagging and complicated. Future research should be conducted to explore effective ways of changing conceptions and perceptions of teaching and learning and to make cross-eulture and international comparisons.
|關鍵詞||教学信念、现象图析学、高等教育质量、Conceptions of Teaching and Learning、Phenomenography、Quality of Higher Education|