On the Movement of Opening University to the Elderly in Germany
德国“大学向老年人开放”运动兴起于20 世纪70 年代!其初衷并非教育对老龄化的回应, 而是大学对终身学习的呼应!然而, 随着人口老龄化与高教大众化的交互影响, 高校代际矛盾发生位移, “老人恐惧症”蔓延德国高校, 由此提出了崭新命题:高等教育通过外延发展所获得的增量是否被老年人对学术性继续教育的需求之膨胀所抵消, 从而形成彼此消长的资源性对抗;高等教育与老年教育是否一仍旧贯地分道扬镰,从而形成浸渭分明的路线式对峙。笔者认为, 高等教育既要坚持社会性又须坚守学术性, 以利于推动老年教育的学术转向。
The movement of opening university to the elderly boomed in Germany in the late 1970s. Originally not as a response to aging, but as echoes of universities to lifelong learning, it has been included in continuing education at higher education institutions for society. However, with the interplay between demographical aging and massification of higher education, the intergenerational contradiction in universities has been transformed and the "elderly-phobia" spread around German universities. New propositions are put forward thereby: whether the increment gained from epitaxial development of higher education can counteract with the aging population's increasing need for continuing education at higher education institutions; whether higher education and education for the elderly still go separate ways so that an entirely different route-style confrontation is formed. The author believes that higher education should not only persist in its sociality but also defend its academic nature, which can help promote the academic-oriented turning of education for the elderly.
|關鍵詞||德国、老龄化、老年教育、高教大众化、学术性继续教育、Germany、Aging、Education for the Elderly、Massification of Higher Education、Continuing Education at Higher Education Institutions|