Analyses of Trends and Subjects for School Organization Changes in Japan’s Primary and Secondary Schools
In order to respond the demands for school effectiveness by expanding school autonomy and building school’s distinguishing features that were aroused from school-based management reform, adjustments for school organization structure are considered as a way to reach school improvement goals. Japan, based on the ideals of school autonomy management, has set up some new posts such as vice principals, chief teachers and leader teachers for the primary and secondary school organizations as mechanisms to strength principal’s leadership, to develop middle leadership and to assistant for school affairs since 2008.
In addition to these kinds of adjustments in Japan which have moved the school organization from traditional simplified organization model to the hierarchical model, duties and responsibilities of these new posts, concepts of middle leadership and issues of teacher’s professional development are worthy of research within these processes. Therefore, this article starts to explore the current status and changes of school organizations in Japan’s primary and secondary schools by reviewing relevant literatures, then to analyze and provide some recommendations for Taiwan that the ways of school organization changes slightly differ from Japan cases.
|關鍵詞||日本、組織變革、學校改善、學校變革、Japan、organization change、school improvement、school change|