Questioning of the Assumptions of Human Nature in Education
The disciplines of social sCience have put forward their own assumptions of human nature, which have served as the logical premise of the their respective disciplinary theories. However, such assumptions of human nature lack strict proofs and can only be subjected to the tests of experiences in practice. The assumption that" human nature could be changed" is a necessary prerequisite for the human educational activities to be carried out, and the hypothesis of "subjectivity of human" constitutes a sufficient basis for the educational activities to be carried out. The two human assumptions can be used as the logical premise of scientific theoretical system of education. All those using "the due human nature" as the assumption of human nature will fall in trouble in the interpretation of educational practices; those that do not raise the hypothesis of "the due human nature" are not a complete theory of education. Whether education can continue to exist and develop as an independent discipline rather than being terminated depends to a large extent on its own independent disciplinary positions and perspectives, including whether it has its own specific hypothesis of human nature.