Transplantation and Alienation: An Analysis about the Agitation of School Destruction in the Process of Establishing New Schools during the Late Qing Dynasty
In the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty, the new education system was transplanted comprehensively in China. However, it also led to the agitation of school destruction. This kind of violence was recognized as mass disturbance, which was usually triggered by the vested economic interests. But the new schools such established were not grounded in the Chinese local society. They were very difficult to gain recognition from the Chinese grass-roots populace. This was indeed an important profound reason behind the agitation of school destruction. As a transplant, the new education system hindered any association with the local Chinese community. It rather existed as a "stranger" in the Chinese society. The introduction of any kind of new education system needs to be consistent with the social reality of China. The new education should guide the development of the society. At the same time, it also should not leave the social reality. Otherwise, it would not only receive all kinds of resistance but also encounter difficulties in realizing its function.