Study of Menstrual Knowledge, Attitudes, and Distress among Female Elementary Students and Their Mothers in the Hualien Region
The purpose of this study was to investigate menstrual knowledge, attitudes toward menstruation and menstrual distress among female elementary students and their mothers in the Hualien region. A stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted. A sample of 394 female elementary students and their mothers from 12 elementary schools in Taiwan's Hualien County participated in this study. The questionnaires consisted of four sections: 1. personal information; 2. menstrual knowledge; 3. menstrual attitude and 4. menstrual distress. Data was analyzed using paired t-test and Pearson's correlation.
Study results showed that 33.0% of female elementary students had reached menarche. Most female students (93.4%) preferred receiving menstrual information from their mothers. Some mothers (29.4%) felt their daughters periods had started early. Most mothers (89.8%) first discussed menstrual management at menarche. The total correct response rates for the menstrual knowledge assessment for daughters and mothers were 47.99% and 70.60%, respectively. The mean scores on the menstrual attitude questionnaire for daughters and mothers were 1.89 ± 0.38 and 2.17 ± 0.42, respectively. Both mothers and daughters scored low on the menstrual attitude parameters. The mean scores on the menstrual distress questionnaire for daughters and mothers were 0.94 ± 0.77 and 1.22 ± 0.80, respectively. Mothers scored higher on menstrual distress than daughters. Mother and daughters exhibited a significant positive correlation of menstrual knowledge, menstrual attitudes, and menstrual distress. Daughters' menstrual attitudes and mothers' menstrual distress were negatively correlated.
Based on study results it is recommended that elementary schools and sexual-health care providers should offer greater assistance to female elementary students and their mothers to improve their menstrual knowledge, establish positive menstrual attitudes, and deal with menstrual distress.
|關鍵詞||月經、月經知識、月經態度、經期不適、menstruation、menstrual knowledge、menstrual attitudes、menstrual distress|