A Study on Qualifications of Elementary School Principals from Parents' Perspectives in Taipei City
本研究是以自編之問卷，了解台北市國民小學家長心目中理想校長的條件。以市立小學的家長為研究母群，運用分層隨機抽樣方式抽取 36 所小學的家長為施測對象，共發出問卷 1069 份，有效問卷 928 份，有效問卷回收率 86.8%。資料分析採用描述統計及卡方考驗。研究發現，雖然不同背景家長對理想校長的條件未達顯著差異，但背後有另一層更深的意涵，即不論家長背景為何，卻對校長條件有共同的期待。以校長背景條件而言，家長認為性別不是必要的條件；學歷則以碩士以上學歷與不是必要條件居多；至於校長的年齡，家長認為 41-50 歲最理想。在校長的條件向度方面，家長最在意校長的能力，其次是校長的行為表徵，再次是校長的人格特質。
The purpose of the study was to investigate the qualifications of elementary school principals from parents’ perspectives in Taipei City through a self-designed survey entitled “the questionnaire of the qualifications of elementary school principals from parents’ perspectives in Taipei city.” The research population was the parents at public schools in Taipei City. The subjects studied， selected by stratified random sampling， were the parents from 36 public elementary schools. The total number of questionnaires issued was 1069 and the returned number of valid questionnaires was 928 at valid response rate of 86.8%. Statistics methods including descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data.The results indicated that no significant differences were found among the most of the parents from the different backgrounds， but they had very similar expectations on the principals’ qualifications. Regarding the background of a principal， most of the parents thought the gender was not the necessary qualifications of principals， but master degree or above was considered as an important qualification.Most of the parents responded， 41 to 50 years old would be the best range of a principal’s age. In the dimensions of a principal’s qualifications， parents cared about the principal’s abilities most， and then the characterization of a principal’s behavior， a principal’s personality traits came the third.
|關鍵詞||國民小學、家長、校長條件、Elementary school、Parents、Principals' qualifications|