A Comparative Study on the Gender Disparity in Higher Education and Labor Market
Based on a national scale graduate survey data conducted in 2009 and the descriptive statistic analysis， this paper analyzes the gender disparity in high-quality higher education opportunity， academic achievement， and graduate employment. The empirical results have showed: (1) there is a phenomenon of “one-advantage， two-shortage， and three-lower” for the female. “one-advantage” means that female students showed better academic achievement. “two-shortage” means that female students have both less general higher education opportunity and less high-quality higher education opportunity. “three-lower” means that female students have lower placement rate， lower starting salary， and lower job satisfaction. (2) Both industry composition and work unit composition are quite different between male and female graduates in the labor market， 75% female graduates work in tertiary industry， well nearly one half of male graduates work in the second industry. The female graduates have less opportunity to work in state owned enterprises and government agency.
|關鍵詞||高校毕业生、就业、性别差异、graduate of higher education、employment、gender disparity|