Gap Between Urban and Rural Education in Taiwan: An Empirical Study on Remote Rural Schools
For a long time, due to their geographical locations, the education in remote rural areas has been inferior to that in other areas. Moreover, residents are generally poor, and students in remote rural areas usually have weak learning motivations and lack cultural stimulation. However, the above phenomenon may also be the impression of ordinary people. In this study, papers on empirical studies of remote rural schools in Taiwan are collected and organized for analysis, so as to compare and verify the impression of ordinary people on remote rural areas. The main findings are: “most quantitative studies show that the performance of remote rural students is poor”, “the proportion of remote rural areas is related to the classification standards adopted”, “the proportion of remote rural schools is not low”, “remote rural teachers have less experience, teach many courses and have high turnover rates, which affects students greatly”, “the transfer of remote rural teachers is greatly affected by the factors such as family and work pressure”, “the retention of remote rural teachers is greatly affected by school environmental factors”, “remote rural teachers have multiple positive and negative characteristics”, “remote rural teachers and principals are often new to their positions and have to face a lot of problems”, “remote rural parents’ abilities to participate in school affairs are weak”, “remote rural students lack economic, social and cultural capital”, and “there are large number of aboriginal people in remote rural areas, and the cultural diversity is complex”. After summarizing the above findings, this paper suggests that long term longitudinal studies shall be paid attention to in the future, the future of education shall be considered with “remote rural areas” as the main body, and remote rural schools shall be developed to be the center of community culture.
|關鍵詞||城鄉差距、偏鄉學校、實徵研究、臺灣教育、gap between urban and rural area、remote rural schools、empirical study、education in Taiwan|