The Fall of Modern Educational Philosophy and its Consequence
Plato stuck to his idea that the best life is of non-morality and non-politics. Rousseau didn't believe this idea, but also wanted to seek for the only rationality of society's existence through the best life most close to natural status, and explored the highest possibility of education. So Plato and Rousseau explored in their book the possibilities of humanity which extends its reach, though they had different opinions on what is good life. Their explorations tell us that good life depends on both educational and political programs, also good life should be used as the highest value to plan education and politics. Modern education philosophy, exemplified by Hutchins and Dewey, explored an education of good citizen instead of philosopher and social natural man, which sought for universal eudemonia through politics and political education or in political frame. Modern education philosophy abandoned the exploration of best life, showed its fall down and also means that man's eudemonia was added to politics and political function of education.
|關鍵詞||现代教育哲学、柏拉图教育、卢梭教育哲学、教育政治、modern educational philosophy、Plato's education、Rousseau's educational philosophy、educational politics|