Needs Assessment of Postpartum Sexual Health Education: Based on Educational and Administrative Diagnostic of PRECEDE Model
This study examines the demand for sexual health education among postpartum women to develop appropriate strategies for sexual health education in line with the actual situation. This article describes the use of educational and administrative diagnostic from the PRECEDE model as a conceptual framework for needs assessment for postpartum sexual health education. Educational diagnosis is aimed at women's “demographic characteristics”, “postpartum sexual health knowledge” and “sexual health attitudes”. Two hundred and sixty participants were recruited at a medical center in Northern Taiwan to fill in a self-report questionnaire. The administrative and policy diagnosis is designed to understand the current hospital implementation of postpartum sexual health education as well as the expert' opinions. Twelve clinical experts were recruited at six teaching hospitals to fill in a self-report “expert opinion questionnaire”, to offer advice for the postpartum sexual health education program. The data were processed through the SPSS Window's 11.0 package. The results showed that women have cognitive errors in “the prevention of vaginal movement relaxation” and “men with vasectomies on the physiological effects”. In sexual attitude, women still have a conservative attitude toward the timing of sexual life resumption. However, most of the women had a positive attitude in “obtaining postpartum sexual health knowledge to reduce the pressure from postpartum life” and “good communication relationship between the couple can promote postpartum quality of life”. The administrative diagnostic results showed that “the postpartum ward nurses” were the major clinical teaching force and “health education leaflets or manuals” were the major teaching material on postpartum sexual health education. According to the research findings, “the contents of teaching were not consistent unified”, “there was not enough teaching material”, and “The level of the unit responsible for integrating and planning is not unified” offered by experts, a development strategy for postpartum sexual health education is suggested to help develop postpartum sexual health education strategies and clinical plans.
|關鍵詞||需求評估、產婦、性教育、衛生教育、needs assessment、postpartum women、sexuality education、health education|