A Return to Truth from Falsehood: Mind-Body Realization and Completeness of Life According to Surangama Sutra
The mind-body issue seems to gain more attention in the research of contemporary western philosophy. In Japan, Taiwan, and Mainland China have shared the same interest and revitalized this old topic. The main focus of this study is to investigate what mind-body problem has been like in Chinese and Western philosophy. The idea of “returning to truth from falsehood” as presented in Surangama Sutra will be served as a point of departure to analyze the mind-body problem from the Buddhist perspective. The study comes to the conclusion that, first of all, roots (senses), objects, and perceptions are all illusive in Surangama Sutra, but the understanding of the true mind lies in the grasping of the senses. One of its best examples is the practice of “Gaining Omnipresence through the Organ of Hearing.” Secondly, body and mind are one. In Buddhism, everything is interdependent and there is nothing that exists by itself. According to Buddhism, owing to ignorance, the body and mind are lost and they have also lost the most precious part of one’s life. In order to rediscover oneself, one has to practice Buddhism. Through one’s practice, one comes to understand one’s body and mind, their conditions and relationships. Thirdly, through the understanding of Buddhism, one realizes that all the phenomenon that appear currently in body and mind are not real and they are there only provisionally. It takes stepby-step self-observance, from body to mind, to transcend oneself unceasingly. Fourthly, one should believe in the existence of a complete life and return to the truth and the reality, which in turn exist in one’s inner self. Fifthly, the attention to the body does not merely fall back to the level of the senses. In contact with our senses, it involves wisdom as well, which differs itself from the western rationalism or empiricism. It is neither a dialectical or logical reasoning; rather, it is a calm and wise mind observing itself inwardly. When the mind turns inward, it experiences boundless time and space.
|關鍵詞||身心問題、楞嚴經、捨妄歸真、如來藏心、body-mind problem、Surangama Sutra、Returning to Truth from Falsehood、Core of the Tathagata-garbha|