Attitudes of College Students towards Community Services
本研究旨在探討大學生的社區服務態度現況及其相關變項，並以Shiarella， McCarthy和Tucker所編製的「社區服務態度量表」（community service attitudes scale）為主要研究工具。受試者為北部地區含政大、臺師大等七所公私立大學學生，有效樣本數848人。本研究先進行CSAS的信度、效度考驗，再以t值和變異數分析檢驗不同性質學生在「社區服務態度」各因素結構面向上的差異顯著性。研究結果發現，CSAS的信度為0.94，效度多在0.45至0.87之間。大學生的社區服務態度普遍良好，在性別、學院別、社團活動服務經驗、服務學習課程及內外控特質等方面，具差異顯著性，尤其曾參與過學校「服務性社團」活動和曾修習過「服務學習」課程及具內控特質的學生，其社區服務態度較為良好。本研究證實，大學院校社團活動和服務學習課程有助於大學生良好社區服務的培養和優質公民的準備。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes， the related variables and the potential determining factors towards community service in college students using the “Community Service Attitudes Scale (CSAS)” edited by Shiarella， McCarthy and Tucker. Subjects were sampled from NCCU， NTNU and five other public and private universities in northern Taiwan to include students with different genders， fields of study， past experiences and academic training on community service. The effective sample size was 848. The reliability and validity of CSAS were tested. The effects of those differential background profiles on community service attitude were investigated， and the significance of those effects were evaluated. The results showed that reliability and the validity of CSAS were 0.94 and 0.45~0.87， respectively. The overall community service attitudes of the sampled college students were good， while significant differences were observed due to their genders， personality in locus of control， fields of study， whether they have participated in extracurriculum or courses related to service education. In specific， students who have had extracurricular activity related to public and community service， who have elected the curricula of service-learning， and those with internal locus of control showed better attitudes towards community service. This study demonstrated that extracurricular activities and curricula elections related to service-learning provide positive influences in community service attitudes and in preparation for good citizens for college students.
|關鍵詞||大學生、服務學習、社區服務態度、College students、Service-learning、Community service attitudes|