Critical Thinking as a General Education
This article is to argue for critical thinking as a general education The definition and contents of critical thinking in this article are not discussed yet， but a consensus among scholars in this field has been reached since last year on the 16th Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Educational Reform held in Sonoma State University. The characteristics of critical thinking are autonomy and rational thoughts for making a good life. First， the author argues that the core element of educational reform in Taiwan is emphasized upon general education and the fundamental goal of general education is to achieve a good life in which a whole person is autonomous and self-actualisating. Further， the similarity between critical thinking and libertarian idea is worked out. It is the capacity， courage and will to be free from non-rational and╱or coercive authority or ideology. Then， it show that teaching for critical thinking is to reach the aim of general education in terms of humanity. The contents of general education may be challenged due to the change of time and space， yet its fundamental element should not be shifted from the characteristics of a whole person. In a word， the method to reach the aim of general education could be varied， but teaching for the critical thinking should be the better one of them.