A Study of Learning Adaptation and Academic Achievements of Taiwan's Elementary School Students: Mothers with Southeast Asian, Mainland-Chinese and Taiwanese Nationality
Elementary school students， whose mothers are of foreign nationality， have accounted for about 4% of all Taiwan’s elementary school students. Their learning achievements and educational needs have become a concern in Taiwan society. The goal of this study was to examine if there exist differences in learning adaptation and academic achievements of elementary school students from foreign-spouse families versus native-spouse families. Students’ family information， their grades in seven subject fields， and their scores on five learning adaptation subscales were collected for 124 elementary school students whose mothers are of Southeast Asian nationality， 93 students’ mothers are of Mainland Chinese nationality， and 217 students’ mothers are native Taiwanese. Students in the last group were specifically chosen to match with the economic status of a student in the first two groups. The major findings of this study included: (1) The grades of students in the Southeast-Asia group were inferior to the grades of students in the native group in all seven subject fields. The grades， in four subject fields， of students in the China group were inferior to those of students in the native group after holding the SES constant. (2) Irrespective of the mother’s nationalities， the five subscales of learning adaptation were significantly correlated with the grades of seven subject fields by a single pair of canonical factors. (3) The grades of seven subject fields could be effectively predicted by the background variables and the five subscales of learning adaptation. The predictors can explain the most variation of the academic achievement in the Southeast-Asia group with learning environment the most influencing factor. Learning habit could account for the most variation of the China group’s academic achievement. The above findings could be guidelines to allocate different educational resources to help different groups of students’ education needs.
|關鍵詞||大陸籍配偶子女、外籍配偶子女、東南亞籍配偶子女、學習適應、學業成就、Academic achievement、Foreign-born spouse、Learning adaptation、Mainland-China-born spouse、Southeast-Asia-born spouse|