Diplomaism or Need for Educational Opportunity?--The Social Meaning of Competition for School Admission
The study investigated the ‘perceived’ as well as ‘desirable’ educational opportunity in Taiwan. Compared to ‘actual’ enrollment rate， researchers were able to infer the educational demand and the attributed causes for competition for school admission. There were 2052 participants and 808 of them having at least one child in school. It was a stratified random sample from Taiwan population. The results demonstrated that desirable education opportunity and perceived educational opportunity were higher than actual enrollment rate. Also， desirable education opportunity was higher than perceived opportunity. Based on parents’ desirable educational attainment for their children， the actual education opportunity can only satisfy half the parents. Perceived educational opportunity， educational demand， and attribution for educational competition differed significantly by educational level. People with higher educational attainment were more likely to attribute competition for school admission to diplomaism rather than need for educational opportunity. The implications were discussed.
|關鍵詞||升學主義、升學機會、升學壓力、升學需求、Diplomaism、Educational opportunity、Educational competition、Educational demand|