Frequency and Perceived Effectiveness of Coping Strategies among Bullied Victims
The purpose of this study was to investigate the coping strategies which bullied victims often use and perceive to be effective and to examine whether there were significant differences in frequency and perceived effectiveness of coping strategies according to background variables (gender and education). A total of 593 valid questionnaires were collected from elementary, junior high and senior high schools in Taiwan. This study adopted the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire, School Bullying Scales-the Short version of Victim Subscale, and screened 79 victims as participants. Self-Report Coping Measure was used to investigate coping strategies. The analysis adopted Rasch measurement and MANOVA methods. The results of this study showed that “Self-Reliance/Problem Solving” was most often used and perceived as more effective. “Internalizing” and “Externalizing” were perceived as less effective and were rarely used. “Distancing” was perceived as less effective but was often used. However, “Seeking Social Support” was perceived as more effective but was rarely used. High school students had a significantly higher frequency in using “Internalization” and “Externalization”. Based on the results of this study, schools can enhance students’ knowledge on coping strategies of “Seeking Social Support” in bullying incidents to reduce and prevent bullying.
|關鍵詞||校園霸凌、受凌者、因應策略、知覺有效性、頻率、coping strategy、frequency、 perceived effectiveness、school bullying、victim|