The Effects of Reality Orientation Based Cognitive Stimulation Group for Institutional Senior With Dementia
The positive affect of reality orientation therapy to the people with dementia (PD) has been well established, but such research was rarely found in Taiwan. Based on system review, the aim of the paper was to test if reality-oriented cognitive stimulus group program affect cognitive function and depression status in PD. The quasi-experiment design was used in the study. The participants included experimental group received reality-oriented cognitive stimulus, and the control group received general physical activity. Both groups run 14 sessions totally. The results indicated that: (1) For cognitive function, the statistical differences of between-groups and within-group were not significant, but the effect size between the groups was moderate. (2) For depression status, the statistical differences of between-group and within-group were also not significant, but the effect size of between-groups difference was high. Furthermore, the percentage post-test exceed the baseline in treatment group was significantly higher than control group. In conclusion, the program of reality oriented cognitive stimulus group would probably decrease depression status and delay cognitive degradation in the elderly with dementia.
|關鍵詞||失智症、老年人、現實導向、認知刺激、憂鬱情形、dementia、the elderly、reality orientation、cognitive stimulation、depression|