The Idea of “Cultivating Humanity” and Instructional Design in General Education: Taking the Course of “Buddhist Biography and Life Narrative” as an Example
The core of college general education is personality education, and personality cultivation is gradually established as a model of personality through self-awakening, self-liberation and the pursuit of truth. In this paper, the idea of general education is reinterpreted by “cultivating humanity”. Emphasizing that the subject of education is “human”, the content of education is “the teaching of the culture and morality”. Teaching action is through influenced imperceptibly and then internalized introspectively, in order to achieve the tacit transformation of students’ quality, temperament and attitude. Taking the course of “Buddhist biography and life narrative” as an example, this paper expounds the concept of “cultivating humanity” and teaching design from two aspects. One is “imperceptible influence”, focusing on the potential curriculum design of “teaching environment”, “teacher being a paragon” and “teaching mechanism”. For example, the “teaching environment” emphasizes on the classroom environment in Nanhua University and the “teaching mechanism” focuses on the standard of teaching evaluation to guide students to strengthen practical experience and reflection, the “teacher being a paragon” means the teacher’s own experience fully consistent with the course, and using line group to strengthen teacher-student interaction. Second, “introspective reflection”, fully integrate observing, hinting, meaning and understanding, judgment, such as the four elements into the textbook syllabus, teaching schedule and guide students to write or fi lm others’ biographies in group for integrating into their life experience and intelligence.
|關鍵詞||佛教傳記與生命敘說、教學設計、通識教育、Buddhist Biography and Life Narrative、general education、instructional design|