Implementation and Challenges of the New Special Education Curriculum Guidelines
The purpose of this study was to understand the challenges for junior high and elementary school special education teachers following the implementation of the new special education curriculum guidelines. The study reviewed the literature to understand the implementation and associated challenges of these guidelines. Reactions to the implementation of the guidelines are outlined as follows: First, most special education teachers understood and agreed to the guidelines. Second, most special education teachers thought that school administrators were able to support and cooperate with teachers to promote the new policy. Third, most special education teachers possessed the professional knowledge and skills required for teaching in accordance with the guidelines. The identified challenges associated with the guidelines are outlined as follows: First, some students’ cognitive abilities might make it difficult for them to adjust to the new curriculum, especially students with severe and multiple disabilities. Second, although following the Curriculum of Special Needs might be easier, most difficulties were associated with the seven fields of the general curriculum. Third, difficulties might exist in zone courses arranged for resource classes. Fourth, excessive time may be required for planning and writing the IEP. Fifth, parents and general teachers might not understand the new guidelines.
|關鍵詞||特殊教育新修訂課程大綱、國民教育階段特殊教育教師、實施困境、實施現況、2011 newly revised Special Education Curriculum Guidelines、junior high and elementary school special education teachers、implementation situation、implementation dilemma|