School Governance in the Primary and Secondary Schools: Operational Mechanism, Challenges and Strategies for Enhancing Governance Effects
The concept of school governance is a new perspective from the reforms on democratization, decentralization and autonomy in education. It has been affected by gobalization and also become one of major trends on recent primary and secondary schools management innovations in Taiwan. Within the operation of school governance, the principle, teachers, patents as well as community residents, which also called as the stakeholders participating school decisions and affairs by collaborating relationships. That kind of participation not only changed the existing power structure in the school, but also repositioned the role of the school. However, due to the imperfections of laws and regulations, the overlapping of the function in the various committees, the unclear responsibilities and authorities of the principle as well as other factors, the formal governance mechanisms formed under stakeholders’ participatory were interfered that school management were forced to face great challenges. Thus, the main purpose of this paper is to discuss the concept of school governance fi rstly, then to explore the diffi culties that school governance faced by analyzing the operational mechanism of school governance in Taiwan. Finally, this paper provides some strategies for enhancing the governance effects to assist school management smoothly and to exert the value of school governance.
|關鍵詞||治理模式、教育民主化、學校治理、governance models、democracy in education、school governance|