Relationships Between the Self-Perceptions of Health Awareness, Body Image, and Well-Being Among Adolescents in Kaohsiung
This survey investigated the relationships between the health awareness, body image, and well-being of Taiwanese adolescents. The mediation effects of students’ health awareness on the relationship between their body image and well-being were explored. A total of 1,129 adolescents were selected through stratified random sampling from seven junior high schools (seventh-grade students), six senior high schools (tenth-grade students), and five universities in Kaohsiung (freshmen). Three well-structured scales—health awareness, body image, and well-being scales—were conducted to measure adolescents’ health awareness, body image, and well-being. Subsequently, data from the measurements were compared by conducting individual t-tests, one-way analyses of variance, and structural equation modeling. The results revealed that the seventh-grade students possessed significantly higher scores on the health awareness and body image parameters compared with the tenth-grade students and freshmen. The adolescent boys possessed significantly higher total scores on the health awareness and body image parameters compared with the adolescent girls. The well-being total score of the adolescent girls was significantly higher than that of the adolescent boys. In addition, this study provides evidence to support the fact that adolescents’ body image is a mediating factor between health awareness and well-being. This study adds empirical evidence and provides insights into how grade and gender differences can be integrated in planning and implementing effective pedagogical strategies for increasing adolescent’ health awareness, body image, and well-being in Taiwan.
|關鍵詞||自覺健康、身體意象、幸福感、青少年、結構方程式、adolescents、body image、health awareness、SEM、well-being|