Teacher’s Image of Maria Montessori
The study aims to portrait Maria Montessori’s (1870-1952) image as a teacher. The selective research materials in this study include English versions of four original books, contrasting to Chinese translated versions and relevant literature from Taiwan and abroad. Through the application of the research method Hermeneutics, findings are divided into two parts, including the inner attitude of teacher and external appearance of teacher. There are four aspects of inner attitude as a teacher. First, teachers must absolutely respect children. Second, teachers must inspect their own mentally, shed arrogance, and learn to be humble to acquire the balance and demeanor needed by spirit. Third, teachers must treat children with warmth, because children will idealize their mothers and regard teachers as mothers. Thus, teachers will play an important role in children’s life. Lastly, teachers must wait with patience, stay calm, carefully examine slight changes of children, and bear discretion when they observe children. For the requirements of external appearance as a teacher, there are three aspects. First, because teacher is the central element, the appearance of teachers must be tidy and clean. This is the first step to win children’s confidence and respect. Second, the professional images of teachers must be attractive, pleasant and dignified. Third, teachers must pay attention to their behaviors by slowing down and demonstrate elegance. To rethink about the teacher’s plight after preschool education reform, the study proposes different cases to discuss and analyze these seven teacher’s images of Maria Montessori. The study will point out the possibility of teacher’s professional growth in the modern era as conclusion.
|關鍵詞||情意教育、教師圖像、蒙特梭利、affective education、teacher’s image、Maria Montessori|
|論N. Luhmann與K. E. Schorr對教育「技術缺失」之反思|