The Development and Construct Validity of Teachers’ Scale of Workplace Spirituality
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive examination of reliability and validity of Teachers’ Scale of Workplace Spirituality (TSWS) in Taiwan school setting. The processes of scale development were on the following steps: First, according to the literature, a 17-intial-item theoretical model was used to develop the TSWS. Second, the 17 intial items revised by 4 experts, and 6 items wrer revised, the other 11 items remained. Third, the revised 17 items were analyzed by try-out, including item analysis, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and reliability analysis. In first try-out, 1 item was deleted, for it posited on the wrong factor. But in the second one, the remained 16 items divided into 3 factors, named sense of meaning work, sense of community and sense of organizational identification, with acceptable validity and reliability. Fouth, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to verify the initial model of 3-factor-and-16-item. The overall pattern of results indicated that the TSWS was reasonably reliable and valid in Taiwan school settings. Finally, in order to find the level and group difference on teacher’s workplace spirituality, author compiled the formal questionnaire based on CFA outcome, and resurveyed 610 samples. The finding showed that teacher’s workplace spirituality is on above average level. Furthemore, the served education stage (divied into three subgroup, served at primay schoo, juinior and senior high school) and marital status (married and unmarry) reach significant difference. To sum up, the TSWS is validity and reliable, it colud be a research tool for further study.
|關鍵詞||工作意義感、社群感、組織認同感、職場靈性、sense of meaning work、sense of community、sense of organizational identification、workplace spirituality|