Effects of Intergenerational Transfer and Conversion of Cultural Capital on the Educational Achievements of Junior High School Students
Most studies on cultural capital have analyzed only the academic achievements or further schooling of participants. However, these analyses have failed to provide convincing evidence elucidating the role of cultural capital in education. This study argued that the process of parent-to-progeny transfers of cultural capital must be clarified before the effects of cultural capital on the educational achievements of children can be determined. Data on junior high school students, parents, and teachers released in the Taiwan Education Panel Survey were adopted for analysis. This study determined that parents can transfer cultural capital (and converted economic capital) to their children, which is then reflected in the goodwill of their children toward high culture. Bourdieu’s concept of cultural reproduction was used to explain the conditions of cultural reproduction in Taiwan. However, the cultural goodwill of children negatively influenced their comprehensive ability scores and evaluations of them conducted by teachers; furthermore, cultural goodwill did not significantly affect the entrance of these students into academic senior high schools. These results might stem from an overemphasis on intellectual performance in the Taiwanese educational system, in which the demonstration of cultural goodwill by children frequently diverts their attention and reduces the amount of time they spend in the pursuit of high intellectual performance. This study concludes that the unique educational environment in Taiwan has limited the effects of the internalized cultural capital of children on their academic achievements.
|關鍵詞||文化再製、文化資本、社會階級、教育成就、culture capital、cultural reproduction、educational achievement、social class|