The New Governance of Shadow Education under the Market Entrance Regulation: Theory and Approches
In the past forty years，the market entrance regulation of shadow education institutions has gradually changed from the administrative approval model to the negative list model，but there are many problems in the transformation . The government has been urged to improve the market entrance standard and strengthen the pre-entrance approval and management process. However，such administration ignores the features of education and training industry， and undermines the market competition order. In view of the regulation theory， contestable markets theory and consumer paramountcy theory， the competition policy should play a fundamental role in the management of shadow education institutions. Drawing on the experience of Japan and the United States， t s necessary to rely on market mechanism to guarantee the competition order of afterschool training market and to clarify the supervision responsibility with the industry associations. Therefore， in the transformation process of the shadow education institutions market entrance regulation， t s necessary to publish a clear negative list， remove the laws and policies which exclude or restrict the market competition in the aspects of eligibility acquisition and rights guarantee， in- volve industry associations in the management process， and strengthen the monitor mechanism of legal liability.
|關鍵詞||校外教育培训、市场准人、管制转型、负面清单、竞争政策、shadow education and training、market entrance、regulation reform、negative list、fair competition policy、CSSCI|