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篇名
核心素养的中国表述:陶行知的“三力论”和“常能论”
並列篇名
Key Competencies in China: Tao' Three-competency Theory and Basic-skill Theory
作者 周洪宇
英文摘要
Ever since OECD started in 1997 the project of Definition and Selection of Competences: Theoretical and Conceptual Foundations, the term “ key competences” has been highlighted in the educational documents in many countries and regions. Despite varied definitions of key competencies, there is a common understanding in those countries and regions. First, key competences should be understood from two aspects : fostering the whole person and promoting social development; second, both citizenship and internationalization have been emphasized by each economy and international organizations; third, most economies put emphasis on such competences as information , science and creativity in the new century* Meanwhile , each economy pays more attention to their excellent traditional culture in building the system of their own key competences. In order to deepen the comprehensive educational reform , it is imperative to explore and construct the system of key competences in China. Therefore , it is necessary to review the Three-competence theory and Basic-skill theory developed by Tao Xingzhi , a famous Chinese educator in the 20th century. In his career , Tao first proposed three essential competencies , including learning to live , learning to be initiative and learning to be creative; later , Tao developed the idea of 23 basic skills at Yu Cai Middle School , which came to be known as Three-competence theory and Basic-skill theory. In Tao ’ s opinion , learning to live , learning to be initiative and learning to be creative are necessary for one to be a whole person and the 23 basic skills are the embodiment of these three competences. In a sense , these two theories could be considered as Tao,s idea of key competencies. Based on Tao^ s Three-competence theory and Basic-skill theory , as well as a comparative analysis of the related researches on key competences , this paper attempts to develop a new system of key competencies in the new era. That is , key competences involve field competencies and general competencies. General compe- tencies cover social development ( social responsibility , national identity , international understanding and cooperation) ,personal development ( self-understanding and self-management , the competence to be happy) and advanced learning ability ( critical thinking , creativity and lifelong learning) . Field competences put more emphasis on specific fields , such as language literacy , mathematical competences , science skills , art literacy and information skills.
起訖頁 001-010
關鍵詞 核心素养中国表述三力论常能论key competencesThree-competence theoryBasic-skill theoryTao Xingzhi
刊名 華東師範大學學報(教育科學版)  
期數 201702 (35:1期)
出版單位 華東師範大學
DOI 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2017.01.001  複製DOI
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