John Lockers Ideas about Natural State and His Educational Thoughts
John Lockers idea about natural state is the foundation of all his other thoughts. In h i s assumption， man has some natural rights in his natural state， including liberty， equality and property and the executive power of natural law etc. ； man should follow the natural laws of comfortable sel--preserva-tion and no violation to others， etc. Based on such theory in human nature，Locke reinterpreted the aimof government， the origin and scope of the political powers， and formed his own educational thoughts. On the one hand， in order to apply his assumption on human nature， Locke needed to deal with the contradiction between man^s desire for freedom and desire for domination carefully. Locke therefore adopted a se- ries of educational means， among which the core was to establish authority and to make use of people^s desire for fame. On the other hand， Locke attached great attention to help children develop abilities to pre- serve themselves comfortably in society； Locke buitt an educational system which includes virtue， wisdom， cultivating and learning of knowledge to serve the am.
|關鍵詞||洛克、教育漫话、自然状态、自然法则、John Locke、Some Thoughts Concerning Education、natural state、natural law|