高等教育出版
熱門: 吳勁甫  九年一貫課程  文化領導  丘愛鈴  三角關係  中小學  
高等教育出版
首頁 臺灣期刊   學校系所   學協會   民間出版   大陸/海外期刊   政府機關   學校系所   學協會   民間出版   DOI註冊服務
閱讀全文
篇名
近代中国小学生身体形塑研究
並列篇名
Research on Body Shaping of the Pupils in Modern China
作者 魏珂
英文摘要
Chinese education in the past century has undergone a series of major transformation. Most previous studies discussed the transformation either from the aspects of ideas ’ systems and culture ’ or from the aspects of specialized subjects ’ such as science education ’ Chinese education ’ history education ’ physical education and health education ’ etc. Such research tends to overlook the value and subjectivity of human in education. The research on education history from the perspective of body is a new trend in the field of academic research in recent years. It can change the status quo of fragmentation ’ highlight the subjectivity of human ’ and expand the research on the history of Education. Along with both domestic strife and foreign aggression ’ the national crisis compelled some enlightened people like Liang Qi-chao and Yan Fu put forward the thought of u building a strong country to protect the Chinese” .Among them ’ Cai,e ’ a then well-known general ’ emphasized the importance of education for the sha- ping of the national body and put forward the idea of military nationalism education. This had a tremendous impact on the transformation of modem education. The focus of u Saving the nation” was on the transformation of national characteristics ’ especially the national body. And education played an important role in transforming the national body. As the most basic part of national education’ the elementary school education is the most important part of the national body shaping. In this paper ’ body shaping mainly referred to the educational activities required to shape the standardized body image based on cerain standard for ideal personality. The premise of body shaping is man, s being unaccom-plished. The main targets of shaping wee the primary school students. Body shaping emphasized the concurrent development of the exteral shaping and self-cultivation ’ mainly including the shaping of behavioral habits of health ’ physical education ’ etiquette ’ order and so on. The body shaping of the pupils consisted of the exteral shaping and the self-cultivation. As the Gui-mao school system promulgated during the late Qing Dynasty in 1904 ’ the government exercised its control of the enactment of body shaping. Some journals ’ especially educational journals ’ such as ’ Chinese Education Circles and other publications ’ published a large number of pictures of the primary school students ’ disseminating the ideas and values among the pupils. Meanwhile ’ the schools laid down some guidelines to direct the behavior of students ’ and the school staff came up with the implementation details. The pupils 'diaries showed that they had a comprehensive understanding of their body and that they tried to improve their health by physical activities. They believed their own body connected to the country. When it came to physical punishment ’ they stressed self-reflection and self-admonishing. The process of pupils' body shaping in modern China has the following main characteristics: internalization rather than externalization ’ multiple driving forces ’ a trend of particularization ’ etc. Inshort ’ the pupils' body shaping made great contributions to the transformation of modern education in modern China.
起訖頁 029-035
關鍵詞 近代中国小学生身体形塑pupilsbodybody shaping
刊名 華東師範大學學報(教育科學版)  
期數 201610 (34:4期)
出版單位 華東師範大學
DOI 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2016.04.004  複製DOI
QR Code
該期刊
上一篇
从规训到尝试解放:人学视域下的晚清身体教育变革
該期刊
下一篇
异化·僭越·启蒙:《红楼梦》与明清女性身体教育

高等教育知識庫  閱讀計畫  教育研究月刊  新書優惠  

教師服務
合作出版
期刊徵稿
聯絡高教
高教FB
讀者服務
圖書目錄
教育期刊
訂購服務
活動訊息
數位服務
高等教育知識庫
國際資料庫收錄
投審稿系統
DOI註冊
線上購買
高點網路書店 
元照網路書店
博客來網路書店
教育資源
教育網站
國際教育網站
關於高教
高教簡介
出版授權
合作單位
知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達
版權所有‧轉載必究 Copyright2011 高等教育文化事業有限公司  All Rights Reserved
服務信箱:edubook@edubook.com.tw 台北市館前路 26 號 6 樓 Tel:+886-2-23885899 Fax:+886-2-23892500