The Synergy of Educational Administrative Law Enforcement i Patterns, Limitations and Strategies: -----a Case of Recent Reform Initiatives
The relationship between education and politics， economy， science and technology is complex ，supportive and restrictive. In the period of social transition， the transfer of the decentralized educational administrative law enforcement (EALE) not only makes the environment of EALE more complicated but also makes its agents more diversified. All this requires a highly coordinated mechanism. Thus， the ongoing reform of the system of EALE launched by Ministry of Education， China puts emphasis on enhancing the synergy of EALE and establishing an efficient EALE system. The policy documents state some strategies from the following aspects: distribution of administrative powers， arrangement of law enforcement agencies， and capacitybuilding of law enforcement. In order to improve the synergy of EALE， it is very essential to examine and analyze the existing patterns and its shortages. The synergy of EALE occurs at two levels: the inner synergy in the educational administrative system and the cross-sector synergy. The practice pattern of the inner synergy pays more attention to the hierarchical synergy and the synergy between the inner agencies! to the reform of inner comprehensive EALE; to the building of special functional offices and affiliated institutions； and to the administrative agency itself or the power delegated by the superior. However， there are some problems in the inner synergy， such as limited staffing， vague power allocation， legislation barriers， flawed cross-regional synergy. On the other hand， the practice pattern of the cross-sector synergy focuses on the reform of joint law enforcement and the synergy between different administrative departments. Also， there are some shortages in the cross-sector synergy， including insufficient synergy between different government departments， improper synergy between governments and non-government organizations， etc. In the future， it is imperative to improve the synergy of EALE from the following six aspects: reinforcing the top-level design and institutional supply， allocating powers rationally， combining EALE with education supervision， exploring the reform of cross-sector comprehensive administrative law enforcement， making the best of the local organizations and cooperating with non-government organizations.
|關鍵詞||教育行政执法、协同性、改革试点、实践模式、educational administrative law enforcement (EALE)、synergy、practice patterns、reform|